The insurance market includes the sale of insurance by entities that engage in insurance and related activities such as underwriting (taking risks and fixing premiums), insurance brokerage and reinsurance. The insurance industry is classified based on the business models of the companies present in the industry. Some insurance companies may provide financial or other services. Contributions and premiums are determined based on probable payments calculations based on experience of risk factors and expected return on investment. Market value is based on premiums paid by policyholders, both legal entities and individuals, and fees or commissions paid to brokers.
As per analysis, “Insurance(Providers, Brokers and Re-Insurers) Global Market Report 2020-30: Covid 19 Impact and Recovery” some of the key companies that are presently operating in the global insurance market include Munich Re; Allianz; Unitedhealth Group; Generali; AXA and among others.
Based on type, insurance market can be segmented as insurance brokers & agents, insurance providers, reinsurance providers and others. Based on mode, market can be segmented as online mode and offline mode. In addition, based on end-user, market can be segmented as individual and corporate. Additionally, some other sub-segment of this market includes property & casualty insurance providers, life insurance providers, health & medical insurance providers, insurance brokers, bancassurance, insurance agencies and other intermediaries, life & health reinsurance providers and home & casualty reinsurance providers.
Peer-to-peer insurance is gaining popularity in both developing and developed markets owing to lower insurance costs in developing countries due to better Internet penetration in these regions. Peer-to-peer insurance is based on pooling the insurance premiums of the participants, which can be used to offset uncertain future losses and to divide the excess amount among the participants. It aims to lower premiums and overheads compared to traditional insurance providers, reduce inefficiencies and increase business transparency.
Growth of insurance market is being supported by strong democratic factors, important government initiatives, conducive regulatory environment, increased partnerships, product innovations, and vibrant distribution channels. Apart from this, rapid increase in internet penetration and the increased risks associated with using the internet for critical transactions are driving the demand for cyber insurance. Cyber insurance covers both internet-based risks and risks related to IT infrastructure. It also covers business interruption, property theft, software & data loss, network failure liability, cyber extortion, cyber-crime and physical asset damage.
Currently, the global insurance industry is driven by the proliferation of the Internet and the emergence of digital products. The global insurance industry includes areas for instance life insurance, health insurance, general insurance, motor insurance and reinsurance. Increasing demand for some life & non-life insurance policies for exapmle auto insurance, likely accounted for this expansion of insurance business globally.
Based on regional analysis, the North-America is a leading region in global insurance market owing to size of the primary insurance market and the relatively high level of disaster and liability risk across the region. The Europe and Asia-Pacific regions are estimated to exhibit substantial growth rate due to high prevalence of proportional reinsurance, where premiums are higher relative to the risk being transferred over the forecast period.
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Ankur Gupta, Head Marketing & Communications