Poland is a significant European and global producer of numerous agricultural products. The agricultural land market in country is divided in two parts: privately owned farms and land owned farms by the State Treasury. Privately owned farm is an enterprise to cultivate various agricultural products under the control of one or more investor. Poland is among the world’s primary producers of potatoes, rye, and apples, as well as pork and milk. Length of growing season varies according to climate, being much shorter in the north-east where an insensitive continental climate prevails. Poland generally exports rapeseed, processed meat, live cattle, fruits & vegetables and imports mainly meat, protein meal, grains, and cotton.
Farms all over Poland country raise dairy cows, pigs, poultry, beef cattle, and cultivate fruit. As per study, “Poland Agriculture Market Trends, Statistics, Growth, and Forecasts” the Poland’s government has provided reforestation incentives to farmers, yielding them release from land tax if they plant trees on their slightest productive land. Poland farmers only use pesticides in the condition of extreme requirement and use of chemical fertilizer is also moderately low, but there is always the hazard of water pollution, mainly caused by nitrogen & phosphorus overflow in the livestock production. Farmers are being educated to the hazards, and practices are changing. Local governments are also utilizing the central government grants to plant various trees along streams & creeks to establish the biological barrier between the fields and surface water. In addition, progress in farming techniques will require additional investment in fertilizer storage facilities, and the government will continue to support various environmental programs relating to agriculture in order to meet the European standards.
Poland country is facing a problem of drought in the changing climate, which is increasingly affecting the local farmers. Country’s restructuring and modernization of agriculture agency is providing public support to combat this, by providing various constructive tools that are currently available for farmers to predict and act in advance of problems. Despite its unfavorable agrarian structure, country also plays a significant role in the production of crops, garden fruits & vegetables, and products of animal origin, in worldwide. One of the most distinguished factors contributing to this is certainly its easy access to an agricultural labor force.
The Poland agriculture market is driven by increase in investment subsidies, followed by short food chains mostly available to large farms, high crop yields, diversified food chains for wheat (long & short), state subsidies for disaster loans, high level of agricultural mechanization and increase in number of agricultural advisers. However, low level of knowledge on grain prices, lack of local market outlets and lack of short food chains for small & medium farms may impact the market. Moreover, change in eating habit and macroeconomic changes are key trends for market. It is anticipated that future of the Poland agriculture market will be optimistic due to rise in use of organic food coupled with increase in health concerns during the forecast period.
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Ankur Gupta, Head Marketing & Communications