The logistics market in Poland is in its growing phase. The positive outlook of the economy, increase in trade with the European countries and rising industrial activities are some of the major drivers for logistics industry in Poland. The market is an amalgamation of a number of organized and unorganized players consisting of freight forwarders specializing in land, sea or air transportation, warehouse service providers, companies specializing in cold chain services, courier, express and parcel service providers and total logistics services providers that operate a multimodal transport model. Newer players are entering the market, offering 3PL services integrated with the latest technology used in the industry. This growth can be attributed to the investment made by Polish government to improve the country’s transport infrastructure, rising demand for Polish products in European countries, rising consumption in Poland, increasing number of industrial and logistics center, global companies entering the Polish market and the booming e-commerce industry.
Freight forwarding industry has been the largest contributor of revenues to the logistics market in Poland. The highest contributor to the freight forwarding market in 2016 was the transportation through land, which included transport through road, rail and pipeline. In 2016, road and rail transport contributed around 89.0% of the total revenue of the freight forwarding market. In the international freight forwarding segment the flow corridor to the European Countries was the largest contributor share of the total international freight forwarding market in 2016. The leading players in the industry are DHL, Yusen Logistics, Lotos Kolej, DB Schenker, PKP Cargo, DVS Group, Kuehne + Nagel Inc. and DPD Polska.
In 2017, Industrial/Retail/Agriculture sector contributed the largest share in the total revenue to the warehousing market in Poland. In the same year, the second highest contribution to the revenue of the warehousing market was made by container freight and inland container depot, while the remaining contribution was made by cold storage market.
The market for express deliveries in the country is relatively small but has significant potential for the future. The market revenues have augmented owing to the significant growth in e-commerce sector which was evaluated between 25-30% during last five years. The e-commerce sector in Poland has been witnessing double digit growth in the past few years and was estimated to be around USD 11.0 billion in 2016. Air express logistics has dominated the Polish express logistics market in 2017.
Third party logistics (3PL) segment has witnessed a robust growth in past few years in Poland. The leading companies in the segment are DHL, Kuehne + Nagel, DPD Polska, PKP Cargo, Lotos Kolej and others. 3PL market in Poland is expected to increase during the period 2018-2022 owing to the increasing focus of manufacturers on their core businesses and sub-contracting the activities where they have less expertise.
Cold chain services used for storage and transportation of meat and seafood were the highest contributor to the revenue of the cold chain industry. It was followed by vaccine & pharmaceutical products, fruits& vegetables and bakery & confectionary products respectively. The market has been growing at a steady pace in the past few years owing to the increasing trade and consumption of food products along with growth of pharmaceutical and organized retail industry. The leading companies in the market are Pago Cold Chain, Robano Logistics, Frigo Logistics and Frigolanda Cold Logistics.
The exports of the country are expected to increase substantially in the future. The rising manufacturing sector along with growth in the agricultural sector will augment exports in the country. The E-commerce industry is likely to continue its upward trajectory which will act as a growth catalyst for the logistics industry in Poland. The rise in demand for fresh food products and fast delivery services will instill growth in cold chain market and express logistics market respectively. New players are expected to enter the market as 3PL service providers while the existing players will focus on expanding their network in the country.
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