Egypt is highly vulnerable to changes derived from climatic conditions; this due to the large and tightly packed population as climate change makes Egypt’s weather drier and warmer, resulting in rising pressure on agriculture. Increased temperature over the years has caused much higher water demand for summer crops. Due to this, water scarcity in Egypt is projected to increase rather than decrease. Agriculture and food security is highly vulnerable to variability in temperature and water scarcity with the risk of approximately 50% decrease in food production.
The most important soil for wheat production is found along the Delta and flood plain of the River Nile, which are stratified loams or clays. They have pH value ranging from 8.1 to 8.3. These soils have high potential for irrigated crops.
Perennial irrigation enabled farmers to plant corn during May-June instead of July-August. This new timing gave the crop cooler temperatures as they are harvested during September-November. Perennial irrigation not only made corn cultivation possible, it also allowed double and even triple cropping on most arable land. In addition, it enabled farmers to switch the crop rotation from a three-year to a two-year cycle.
The Egyptian irrigation system is one of the most complex systems in the world. The country’s irrigation system comprises of three main components, the man‐made water body that has been created since the construction of the Aswan High Dam, delivery and distribution networks and on‐farm irrigation.
The market for agricultural machinery in Egypt has been driven by the revenues generated from the sale of four wheel tractors in the country. As majority of farmers utilize tractors for land preparation, pre-harvest mechanization rate is still higher in comparison to post-harvest mechanization rate.
Apart from large agricultural companies, the government has been a major customer for combine harvesters. Due to its high price, majority of small farmers cannot afford to buy them for farm operations
The use of tractors without implements is almost redundant. Implements form an indispensible part of agricultural tractors as they help in seedbed preparation and ploughing of land. Rice transplanters are mainly used during the cultivation of rice farming. They are used to plant the rice sapling into the soil. Thus, the demand for such machinery only arises from farmers cultivating large areas of rice farms.
Topics Covered in The Report
- Agricultural Machinery Industry
- Cropping Pattern Egypt
- Mechanization rate Egypt
- Farm Machinery Egypt
- Agricultural tractor industry
- Tractor Import Egypt
- Dealers Sales Egypt Tractor
- M&M Egypt Assembly unit
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Ankur Gupta, Head Marketing & Communications